When choosing door hardware, ensure that it's in scale with the door
itself. Two hinges are usually sufficient for interior doors, but use
three or four on entry doors. Entry doors are generally heavier, and call
for more durable hardware. Choose locks according to the level of security
Latches require a handle that turns, moving the internal
mechanism, whereas with catches (see image), a simple pull knob or
handle is sufficient. Lever latch: Levers are easy to grip and open, so are a perfect option for households with children or older
adults. Lever latch with lock: This type of decorative latch
with a small combined lock is often used for privacy on interior doors.
Knob turns to secure lock. Pull handle: Used on accordion
doors, bi-fold doors, and cabinet door fronts, pull handles are easier
to grip than knobs. Knob: Simple doorknobs are used on interior doors,
cabinetry, and furniture. Available in a variety of styles and finishes.
In addition to the door stop on the door frame, other door stops can
be installed at the bottom of the door to limit the movement of the
door or keep the door open.
Floor Door Stop: Cushioned to prevent slamming; Hinge-Pin
Door Stop; Hinged Door Stop
Butt hinges are the most common form of hinge. Good-quality hinges
come in brass and stainless steel. Some have extra features such as
washers and ball bearings. Oil hinges once they have been installed.
Standard butt: Has three or four holes on each leaf, and a
fixed pin in the hinge barrel. Rising butt: Lifts the door
upward as it's opened, to allow for a sloping floor. Parliament: Extended
leaf allows a door to open fully, where the frame might otherwise prevent
Doorset: Specific hinge for a doorset. Strap/Tee: Used on a ledge-and-brace
door, or a door needing extra support.
Ball bearing: Installed like a butt hinge. Ball bearings give smooth
action. Loose pin: The pin allows you to detach the door without removing
the hinge. Flush: Surface-mounted so no need to cut into the door edge
to install it. Vinyl: Specific hinge for a vinyl door.
Catches are either screwed directly to the door and door lining, or
they may need recessing—as is the case with ball catches, for example.
Catches are commonly used on closets.
Magnetic: Often used on glass doors. Made of high- impact plastic. Ball:
Used on closets. The ball pushes into the strike plate. Roller: A quiet
alternative to the clicking sound of a magnetic catch.
Tools and Materials Needed
Basic Tool Kit and for...
- Hanging an interior pre-hung door: Drywall saw, shims,
nail set, spackle
- Installing door hardware: Combination square, auger or
flat bit, chisel
- Hanging a door: Hinges, combination square, plane
- Installing door casing: Combination square, mitre saw,
wood glue, spackle
- Securing exterior pre-hung doors: Level, shims, pry bar,
- Installing a sliding door: Level, shims, circular saw,