Beautiful fabrics are produced by many methods
other than weaving and knitting. Some have been developed by old
hand methods and others are the product of modern technology.
They may be limited to specific uses by their character or cost.
NETTING is the fabric construction that
encompasses both the strong and simple texture of a fishnet
and the delicacy of lace. Knots may secure sets of threads together
or continuous coils of thread may loop together forming the
hexagonal mesh that might create the back ground for further
embroidery. The most elaborate machines in the textile industry
can reproduce laces in many styles and weights.
CROCHETING is adapted from the hand process that uses a hook
to form a chain of loops from a single continuous yarn.
BRAIDING forms fabric whose yarns lie at acute angles to the
edges in a bias woven structure, usually a narrow strip. All
yarns originate from the same direction.
FELTING is a time-honored method for producing warm, versatile,
though not very durable fabrics from wool or fur fibers by the
application of heat, moisture, friction, and pressure. It’s an
economical construction that depends on the natural ability of
the wool fibers to shrink, coil and lock together. Can also be
made from polyester or poly blended fibers. Felt is not too durable
for clothing, as it does not stand up to regular wear and tear.
For example, when stretched, your garment will not return to shape.
Felt comes in a variety of weights and qualities, from very light
weight craft “squares” to heavy industrial padding.
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FUSING produces a non-woven fabric or web by using an adhesive
or bonding agent to join or fuse together a mat of textile
fibers. Non-woven fabrics are generally used for interfacing.
Fusible interfacing has a low-melt fusing agent on one side.
The webs are usually used for fusing two fabrics together.
BONDING is a term that has come to include those textiles
that are technically called laminated fabrics. These are composed
of two separate layers of knitted or woven cloth that are joined
together with a bonding agent to improve stability, opacity
or handling ease. Sometimes the plastic foam or plastic film
can be bonded to a woven or knit fabric creating added texture
and insulation. Simulated leather and patent vinyl fabrics
are made this way.
MALIMO is a textile process that produces extremely stable
fabrics. Three sets of yarns are used—warp yarns, filling yarns
laid across the warp and a third set of yarns that stitches
them together with a chain stitch. This process is used mainly
for home furnishing products and industrial purposes.