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Stretcher - Flemish - English - American
Stretcher bond is the commonest bond used today and the least interesting in appearance. It can be made more interesting by laying a course of different colored bricks or to lay such bricks to form a pattern on a wall.
• Stretcher bond wall
• Stretcher bond wall with piers
• Stretcher bond piers
Flemish bond consists of alternating headers and stretchers along each course with the headers centered on the stretchers above and below.
English bond consists of alternating courses of headers and stretchers, with the alternative headers centered over and under the vertical joints of the stretchers.
American common bond
American common bond is similar to the English Bond but the courses of headers are separated by approximately five courses of stretchers.
Stretcher Bond Brick Walls
English bond - Flemish bond
Bricks and Bats
Stretcher Bond Walls with Piers
Walls build using the traditional stretcher bond are just a half brick wide and as such are relatively unstable and generally if they are higher than about 40 cm (5 courses), piers are required to strengthen them.
The second (and alternate) course should use two 3/4 bats (colored red) in the face of the wall and a full brick behind. For piers in the run of the wall, the first (and alternate) course needs a 'Queen Closer' (colored blue) in the face of the all with two 3/4 bats behind. The second (and alternate) course uses full bricks in the face and a full brick behind. The piers can be strengthened by embedding a piece of mat reinforcement into the mortar of alternate courses.
Stretcher Bond for free standing Brick Piers
A free standing brick pier (or isolated pier as it is sometimes called) is a pillar of brickwork not connected to a wall. It can be used to carry the ends of beams to form a pergola, the base of a sundial or bird bath, or for hanging garden gates.
Piers vary in size (both in width and height) and types of bond used. On this page we show a couple of simple stretcher bond piers, Both designs only use full bricks so there is no need for the bricklayer to cut any bricks. The bricks will leave a hollow center which should be filled with concrete once the mortar has been allowed to harden (wet concrete will exert an internal pressure which could cause the brick mortar to fail if the concrete is inserted too soon). The center concrete should be inserted in one go so that it can form one block of from the base of the pier to the top without any weak joints within the concrete. If considered necessary, steel reinforcing rods can be inserted into the center concrete fill.
Flemish Bond Brick Walls
English bond - stretcher bond
English Bond Brick Walls
stretcher bond - Flemish bond
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